Multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT) are closely related mammalian ATP-binding cassette transporters that export organic anions from cells. Transfection studies have established that MRP confers resistance to natural product cytotoxic agents, and recent evidence suggests the possibility that cMOAT may contribute to cytotoxic drug resistance as well. Based upon the potential importance of these transporters in clinical drug resistance and their important physiological roles in the export of the amphiphilic products of phase I and phase II metabolism, we sought to identify other MRP-related transporters. Using a degenerate PCR approach, we isolated a cDNA that encodes a novel ATP-binding cassette transporter, which we designated MOAT-B. The MOAT-B gene was mapped using fluorescence in situ hybridization to chromosome band 13q32. Comparison of the MOAT-B predicted protein with other transporters revealed that it is most closely related to MRP, cMOAT, and the yeast organic anion transporter YCF1. Although MOAT-B is closely related to these transporters, it is distinguished by the absence of a ∼200 amino acid NH2-terminal hydrophobic extension that is present in MRP and cMOAT and which is predicted to encode several transmembrane spanning segments. In addition, the MOAT-B tissue distribution is distinct from MRP and cMOAT. In contrast to MRP, which is widely expressed in tissues, including liver, and cMOAT, the expression of which is largely restricted to liver, the MOAT-B transcript is widely expressed, with particularly high levels in prostate, but is barely detectable in liver. These data indicate that MOAT-B is a ubiquitously expressed transporter that is closely related to MRP and cMOAT and raise the possibility that it may be an organic anion pump relevant to cellular detoxification.
This work was supported by NIH Grant CA63173 and American Cancer Society Grant DHP-131 (to G. D. K.), NIH Grant CA06927 to Fox Chase Cancer Center, and by an appropriation from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.