Using the method of microsatellite analysis, we studied 40 tissues with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and identified two commonly deleted regions on the long arm of chromosome 12. One (region A) was found between D12S81 and D12S1719 at 12q21 at a frequency of 67.5%, and the other (region B) was located between D12S360 and D12S78 at 12q22–q23.1 at a frequency of 60%; the latter was reported previously (M. Kimura, et al. Genes Chromosomes Cancer, 17: 88–93, 1996). The results of microsatellite analyses were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization. We further analyzed 19 pancreatic cancer cell lines by fluorescence in situ hybridization and found that 10 of them showed allelic loss at D12S81 and 6 showed allelic loss at D12S360. Yeast artificial chromosome contigs were constructed to cover the deleted regions. Region B was completely covered by a 650-kb yeast artificial chromosome clone. The frequently deleted regions in chromosome 12q in pancreatic cancer that were identified here may provide new avenues for isolating novel tumor suppressor genes.

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This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan, the Vehicle Racing Commemorative Foundation, the Japanese Foundation for Multidisciplinary Treatment of Cancer, the Mitsui Life Social Welfare Foundation, the Terumo Life Science Foundation, the Sagawa Foundation for Promotion of Cancer Research, and the Pancreas Research Foundation of Japan.

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