No previous report has demonstrated the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and gastric carcinogenesis in an experimental animal model. A total of 170 male Mongolian gerbils (MGs) were divided into nine groups (18 ≤ n ≤ 20 for each group). MGs of four groups were inoculated with HP before or after continuous N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) administration via the drinking water. Both intestinal-type and diffuse-type adenocarcinomas, including signet ring-cell carcinomas, were found at 40 weeks after the study commenced, but only in the HP inoculation groups with MNU exposure and not in the MNU alone or HP inoculation alone control groups. The present findings demonstrate that HP infection increases the incidence of MNU-induced adenocarcinoma of the glandular stomach in MGs.

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