Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is reduced in a variety of tumor cells and has been proposed to be a new type of tumor suppressor gene. The mechanism(s) by which MnSOD suppresses cancer development is currently unknown. However, expression of this antioxidant might play a significant role in maintaining cellular redox status. The relationship between MnSOD expression and modulation of DNA-binding activity and transcriptional activation of redox-sensitive oncoproteins and tumor suppressor proteins was studied in a murine fibrosarcoma cell line (FSa-II). Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and transcriptional activation studies revealed an inverse correlation between MnSOD expression and activity of c-jun-associated transcription factors, activator protein 1 and cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein. Furthermore, expression of an activator protein 1 target gene, bcl-xL, was decreased in MnSOD-transfected cell lines. The results suggest that overexpression of MnSOD may exert its tumor suppressor activity, in part, by modulation of specific oncogenes.

1

This work was supported by NIH Grants CA 49797 and CA 95835 and Kentucky Tobacco Research Board Grant 5-4113.

This content is only available via PDF.