Control of cell proliferation remains of intense interest in cancer research. In the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 HL60 cell system, G1 arrest has been shown to be mediated by elevated levels of p27/Kip1 protein. We show here that the main target of the elevated p27/Kip1 in this system is cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 6. The activity of Cdk2 is also down-regulated, and this is associated with altered and reduced levels of cyclin E in the kinase complex. Paradoxically, the kinase activity of Cdk4 is elevated, in spite of an almost complete G1 block. These data show that the functions of Cdk4 and Cdk6 are not redundant and that Cdk6 and Cdk2 activities are regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
Supported by USPHS Grant RO1-44722 from the National Cancer Institute.