To identify BRCA1 germ-line mutations in the breast and breast-ovarian cancer families in the Stockholm region, a total of 127 families were screened. DNA from 174 patients from these families were studied using various mutation screening techniques, followed by direct DNA sequencing. Mutations were identified in 7 of 20 families with breast and ovarian cancer and in one family with ovarian cancer only, whereas only 1 family of 106 with breast cancer showed a mutation. Thus, germ-line mutations in BRCA1 were found in one-third of the families with both breast and ovarian cancer, but in only 1% of the breast cancer families. The low frequency of germ-line mutations in the site-specific breast cancer families means that other genes are likely to segregate in these families.
This work was supported by The Swedish Cancer Society. The Gustav V Jubilee Fund, and The Bert von Kantzow's Foundation.