We investigated the efficacy of hyperthermia and γ-linolenic acid on experimental carcinoma. This study focused on polyunsaturated fatty acids that are substrates for free radical reactions. Oleic acid, linolenic acid, α-linolenic acid, or γ-linolenic acid was injected into the arteries feeding AH109A carcinoma implanted into rat hind limbs. Among these, γ-linolenic acid had the greatest effect on tumor tissue lipid peroxidation and demonstrated an antitumor effect. Consequently, γ-linolenic acid injection into the feeding artery of a tumor was performed immediately prior to hyperthermia. This combination therapy induced a high level of lipid peroxidation in tumor tissue and a significant antitumor effect. Hyperthermia combined with γ-linolenic acid produces free radical reactions by increasing the radical reaction substrate and may be an effective anticancer modality.