We compared the two-dimensional patterns of nuclear proteins obtained from normal quiescent T lymphocytes with those from normal proliferating T lymphocytes and three lymphoblastoid cell lines (CEM, Namalwa, and Molt-4). We identified sets of nuclear proteins which are specific for normal quiescent or normal proliferating T lymphocytes, or shared by the three lymphoblastoid cell lines and absent from the normal T cells. The protein patterns from two nuclear subfractions, i.e., S1 fraction, obtained after nuclease extraction, and the nuclear matrix, were also analyzed. In S1 nuclear fraction, 6 proteins of 75 kDa [isoelectric point (pI) 4.4], 55 kDa (pI 6.7), 41 kDa (pI 4.1), 39 kDa (pI 5.0), 32 kDa (pI 5.5), and 29 kDa (pI 6.6) were found to be specifically present in normal quiescent cells but not in normal proliferating or lymphoblastoid cell lines. Five proteins of 23 kDa (pI 4.2), 23 kDa (pI 4.3), 22 kDa (pI 4.4), 21 kDa (pI 4.5), and 21 kDa (pI 4.6) were observed only in the S1 fraction of normal proliferating lymphocytes, whereas they were absent in normal quiescent cells and in the transformed cell lines. Eight proteins of 56 kDa (pI 4.7), 50 kDa (pI 4.6), 45 kDa (pI 4.4), 43 kDa (pI 4.3), 42 kDa (pI 4.3), 41 kDa (pI 4.3), 43 kDa (pI 4.2), and 42 kDa (pI 4.1) were found only in the nuclear matrix of normal quiescent cells. Moreover, two doublets of proteins of 31–33 kDa (pI 4.3) and 31–33 kDa (pI 4.2) were found only in the nuclear matrix of the normal proliferating cells and three proteins of 37 kDa (pI 3.8), 37 kDa (pI 3.7), and 35 kDa (pI 4.5) were specifically present in the nuclear matrix of the lymphoblastoid cells lines, but not in normal quiescent or activated lymphocytes.


This work was supported by grants 94/0792 and SAF93-0109 from the Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias de la Seguridad Social and Comisión Interministerial de Investigación Cientifica y Técnica, respectively.

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