We established three cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin)-resistant cell lines, T24/DDP5, T24/DDP7, and T24/DDP10, by the stepwise exposure of T24 human bladder cancer cells to increasing concentrations of cisplatin. The resistance to cisplatin of T24/DDP5, T24/DDP7, and T24/DDP10 cells was 2.2-, 5.2-, and 8.4-fold that of the parental T24 cells, respectively. The cisplatin-resistant cell lines also showed an increased resistance to vincristine, although their sensitivities to Adriamycin and etoposide resembled that of T24. In contrast, the cisplatin-resistant cells developed a collateral sensitivity to (4s)-4,11-diethyl-4-hydroxy-9-[(4-piperidinopiperidino)carbonyloxy]dione hydrochloride trithydrate, a camptothecin derivative, and its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin, that targets DNA topoisomerase I. Both a Northern blot analysis and an immunoblot analysis demonstrated increased cellular levels of DNA topoisomerase I mRNA in the resistant cell lines. However, the expression of DNA topoisomerase II in the three resistant cell lines did not differ significantly from that in the T24 cells. No significant differences in the glutathione S-transferase π levels were observed, although the intracellular content of glutathione in the T24/DDP7 cells was slightly but significantly increased. In addition, the intracellular platinum concentration correlated negatively with the degree of cisplatin resistance and was found to be significantly decreased in T24/DDP10 at an external cisplatin concentration of 20 µg/ml. These results suggest that the increased levels of DNA topoisomerase I mRNA thus play an important role in cisplatin resistance and produce a collateral sensitivity to (4s)-4,11-diethyl-4-hydroxy-9[(4-piperidinopiperidino)carbonyloxy]dione hydrochloride trithydrate and 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin in these cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer cell lines. In addition, the presence of decreased intracellular cisplatin accumulation may also contribute to the acquisition of resistance to cisplatin in these cell lines.

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This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Japan.

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