A Mr110,000 protein (p110) is overexpressed in P-glycoprotein-negative multidrug-resistant tumor cell lines of different histogenetic origins. These cell lines show an ATP-dependent drug accumulation defect, suggesting the presence of drug transporter molecules different from P-glycoprotein. Immunohistochemical staining with a p110-specific monoclonal antibody (LRP-56) showed that, like P-glycoprotein, the molecule has a high expression in normal epithelial cells and tissues chronically exposed to xenobiotics and potentially toxic agents, such as bronchial cells, cells lining the intestines, and kidney tubules. Staining of LRP-56 is primarily cytoplasmic, in a coarsely granular fashion, indicating that it reacts with a molecule closely associated with vesicular/lysosomal structures. Involvement of p110 in the energy-dependent drug transport process present in the cell lines is unknown.
This work was supported in part by the Bristol-Myers Squibb Research grant program.