Metabolites of the tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, a potent pulmonary carcinogen, have been quantified in the urine of 11 smokers. They were not detected in nonsmokers' urine. The metabolites, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol and its glucuronide, were detected in quantities of 0.23–1.0 and 0.57–6.5 µg/24 h, respectively. The results of this study provide the first evidence for metabolites of tobacco-specific nitrosamines in human urine.


This study was supported by Grant CA-29580 from the National Cancer Institute.

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