We applied a subtractive hybridization approach to isolate genes differentially expressed between mature kidney and Wilms' tumor. We constructed a complementary DNA library from a total mature kidney complementary DNA subtracted by an excess of mRNA from a Wilms' tumor, WAGR4, with a germline deletion of 11p13 and a somatic loss of alleles at 11p15. Six clones presenting a differential pattern of expression, positive with mRNA from the mature kidney and negative with mRNA from the Wilms' tumor WAGR4, were characterized. Among these clones were two as yet unknown expressed sequences (D11S877E and D15S109E) and four sequences from known genes: renal dipeptidase (DPEP1), αB-crystallin (CRYA2), uromodulin (UMOD), and plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPX2). The different patterns of expression of these genes in 11 Wilms' tumors, whether or not they are hereditary, reflect the well-documented pathogenetic heterogeneity for Wilms' tumors. We propose that these clones could be helpful for an improved histological characterization of Wilms' tumors.

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Supported by INSERM, the Ministère de la Recherche et de la Technologie, the Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, the Association de Recherche contre le Cancer, and the European Community (Contract ERBSC1 *CT000469).

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