Cell motility has been associated with metastatic ability in the Dunning R3327 rat prostatic adenocarcinoma model. Cancer cell motility promoters but not inhibitors have been described by many investigators. Serum-containing and serum-free media conditioned by the nonmotile, nonmetastatic G Dunning subline inhibited the motility of the highly motile, highly metastatic MAT-LyLu subline. Motility inhibition by the G subline-conditioned serum-free media was lost upon heating to 100°C and by treatment with trypsin. The motility inhibitory protein(s) had a molecular weight exceeding 50,000 as determined by diafiltration. G subline-conditioned RPMI 1640 contained several proteins with molecular weights of between approximately 53,000 and 116,000 when analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. One of these bands may represent the first inhibitor of cancer cell motility identified.

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Supported by Grant CA 29323. J. L. M. was supported by the Edwin Beer Award of the New York Academy of Medicine; W. B. C. was supported by Grant T32-ES 07017.

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