Protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP)-related complementary DNAs from NALM-6 (pre-B cell line) were amplified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using primers corresponding to the conserved catalytic domains of PTPs. Thirty-three polymerase chain reaction products, identified as PTP related complementary DNAs, were classified to RPTP-α, PTP1B, and 4 novel PTPs, which were designated as BPTP-1-4. Their expressions in NALM-6 and other cell lines were confirmed by Northern blot analysis. BPTP-1 and -2 exhibited extensive homology with the first and the second catalytic domains, respectively, of leukocyte common antigen related molecule (LAR) and human PTPδ. The transcriptional sizes of BPTP-1 and BPTP-2 are the same (7.2 kilobases) as that of LAR. The expression of BPTP-1 was abundant in lymphoid cell lines TALL-1 and NALM-6 but small in colon cell line BM314, which is in sharp contrast to the expression of LAR. These data suggest that the expression levels of BPTP-1 and LAR are altered in a cell specific manner, probably making them cell type associated PTPs.
Supported by Grants-in-Aid for Cancer Research (A. Y., K. I.), and for Scientific Research on Priority Areas (K. I, Y. H.) from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture; and Grants for Cancer Research from the Ministry of Health and Welfare (A. Y., K. I.), Japan.