The effect of localized hyperthermia on blood flow and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) pharmacokinetics in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced mammary adenocarcinomas was studied. Blood flow was determined in rat tumors and normal tissue immediately and 1, 2, and 3 h after local hyperthermia treatment (43°C, 1 h) as well as in unheated tumors of rats. The rate of blood flow in the tumor was increased 1.9 times at the end of treatment relative to control values and returned to the control values by 3 h after hyperthermia. Similarly, the rate of blood flow in the peripheral skin around the tumor immediately after hyperthermia was 2.2 times greater than that of unheated skin and returned to near normal values by 3 h after heating. Tumor-bearing rats received CDDP 1 h before, at the beginning of, at the end of, and 1 h after hyperthermia administration. The CDDP plasma concentration versus time profiles for rats did not vary statistically between treatment groups. Two h after CDDP administration, the mean tumor CDDP concentration of the rats which received drug at the beginning of hyperthermia was statistically greater (P < 0.05) than tumor CDDP concentrations in rats which received drug at the end of heat treatment. The latter group was given CDDP when tumor blood flow was the greatest; however, mean tumor drug concentration was lowest of all the groups. The mean drug concentration in tumor tissues of rats which received drug 1 h after hyperthermia was comparable to rats which received drug at the beginning of hyperthermia. This suggests that drug delivery or uptake in tumors may be altered when local hyperthermia is administered concurrently or sequentially.

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