Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) is the most common form of hereditary colon cancer. Autosomal dominant inheritance is evident from pedigrees but the genetic basis of the disorder is otherwise unknown. Recently, two genes in 5q21 involved in colon carcinogenesis, APC and MCC, were identified, and APC was shown to be the gene predisposing to familial adenomatous polyposis. To determine if these genes also confer susceptibility to HNPCC we performed linkage analyses in nine affected families. The MCC-APC region could be formally excluded as the locus for HNPCC in seven families. In one family the results were suggestive of exclusion, although they were not conclusive. The remaining family was uninformative. We used two alternative definitions of affected status. Based on haplotypes for MCC and APC the added pairwise logarithm-of-odds score for all nine families was -22.57 at the recombination fraction of 0.00 using more stringent criteria for the HNPCC phenotype and -22.67 for less stringent criteria. In addition to blood DNA samples from living family members, DNA from formaldehyde-fixed archival pathology specimens from deceased individuals contributed to these linkage results.


Supported by grants from the Academy of Finland, the Finnish Cancer Society, the Sigrid Juselius Foundation, the Duodecim Foundation, the Clayton Fund, and NIH Grants CA35494 and CA47527. Part of this study was carried out at the Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics.

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