Previous studies have shown frequent allelic losses of chromosomes 9p, 10, 17p, and 22q in glial tumors. Other researchers have briefly reported that glial tumors may also show allelic losses of chromosome 19, suggesting a putative tumor suppressor gene locus on this chromosome (D. T. Ransom et al., Proc. Am. Assoc. Cancer Res., 32: 302, 1991). To evaluate whether loss of chromosome 19 alleles is common in glial tumors of different types and grades, we performed Southern blot restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for multiple chromosome 19 loci in 122 gliomas from 116 patients. Twenty-nine tumors had loss of constitutional heterozygosity of 19q, and four tumors had partial deletions of 19q. Allelic losses on 19q were restricted to grade III anaplastic astrocytomas (4/9) and grade IV glioblastomas (11/46), grade II oligodendrogliomas (2/5) and grade III anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (2/2), and grade II (5/8) and grade III (5/7) mixed oligoastrocytomas. These data demonstrate genetic similarities between astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and mixed glial tumors and indicate the presence of a glial tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 19q.

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Funded by Grant CD455 from the American Cancer Society (B. R. S.) and a generous gift from the Preuss Foundation (B. R. S.).

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