In this paper we demonstrate that the mutants CHO7PV and CHO4PV isolated by us from the CHO-K1 prol- cell line represent two new complementation groups of UV-sensitive excision repair-defective rodent mutants. We have classified the mutant CHO7PV as representative of Group 9 and CHO4PV as representative of Group 10. Cellular and biochemical characterization of these mutants indicates that they are moderately sensitive to a broad spectrum of mutagens (UV and mono- and bifunctional alkylating agents), partially unable to perform UV-induced DNA repair synthesis, and partially defective in the incision step of the DNA excision repair pathway and in the removal of the two main lesions caused by UV [cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and (6–4) photo-products]. In terms of UV survival and incision, CHO4PV is apparently more defective than CHO7PV (40% and 50% of wild-type survival, respectively, and 55% and 75% of wild-type incision), whereas when repair DNA synthesis and lesion removal are compared, CHO7PV seems to be more severely affected (30% of wild-type unscheduled DNA synthesis in CHO7PV and 60% in CHO4PV). This suggests a subtlety in the relation between removal of these specific lesions and overall repair capacity and survival.
Supported by grants from the National Research Council of Italy (CNR Target Project Ingegneria Genetica), from the Commission of European Communities (Contract Bi7-034), and from the Cancer Research Campaign.