In the present study we tested whether human T-cells from normal donors can be targeted against human ovarian carcinoma cells and block i.p. growth of an established tumor in immunodeficient mice. For targeting we used chemically cross-linked bispecific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) reacting with CD3 on the T-cells and with cell-surface antigens selectively expressed by tumor cells. The tumor model consisted of mice given i.p. injections of a human ovarian carcinoma cell line, OVCAR-3, whose growth includes development of massive ascites. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal human donors were cultured overnight with 50–100 units/ml recombinant interleukin 2, coated with bispecific antibodies, and injected i.p. into mice 4–6 days after tumor inoculation, at which time tumor cells were established and growing in about 85% of the hosts. Tumor growth was assessed by the number of tumor cells, and in some tests by cell-free tumor antigen, recovered in peritoneal lavage fluid collected 15 days after tumor priming. Treatment with lymphocytes retargeted with bispecific mAbs, prepared with anti-CD3 and three different antitumor mAbs, 113F1, OVB-3, and MOv19, gave highly significant increases in percentages of mice without detectable tumor. Controls showed that the antitumor activity of retargeted lymphocytes did not result simply from antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity or from heteroconjugates reacting only with CD3 or with lymphocyte major histocompatibility complex determinants and tumor cells. These results show that targeted T-lymphocytes can significantly decrease the growth of an established tumor in a fashion specific for antigens expressed by the neoplastic cells.

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