S49 cyc- lymphoma cells contain a mutation resulting in loss of a functional guanine nucleotide regulatory protein rendering their adenylate cyclase refractory to most stimuli. S49 wild-type and cyc- clones were used in the present study to investigate the possible association of altered cAMP metabolism with tumorigenicity and metastatic potential. The S49 clones were implanted i.v., i.p., and intracerebrally in both athymic nude mice and syngeneic, immunocompetent BALB/c mice. Both S49 clones gave rise to tumors when inoculated into athymic mice, and no differences were observed in the tumorigenicity or metastatic potential of S49 wild-type and cyc- cells. Implantation of S49 clones in syngeneic BALB/c mice gave rise to few tumors except when administered intracerebrally, where wild-type cells were more tumorigenic than cyc- cells. This raises the possibility of differences in immunogenicity between the S49 clones. Analysis of cell lines derived from tumors grown in athymic mice showed that they retained the phenotype of the S49 clones used for inoculations. The results indicate that, despite differences in adenylate cyclase responsiveness, S49 wild-type and cyc- cells are both highly tumorigenic and metastatic.

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