Two human cell lines were established from untreated squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Line 183 was derived from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and 1483 from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the retromolar trigone. Both lines grow in a cobblestone pattern demonstrating their epithelial heritage. Immunofluorescence studies and one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that both lines contain cytokeratins. Line 1483 is more aggressive in nude mice, has a higher efficiency for anchorage-independent growth, expresses p21ras (product of the ras oncogene) at a higher level, and is more aneuploid than 183. 1483 also grows as a multicellular tumor spheroid. Line 1483, which was established from the primary tumor of a patient with nodal metastasis, thus displays more progressed characteristics than line 183, which was established from a patient with no clinically positive nodes.

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This work was supported by NIH grants CA29255 and CA38903 from the National Cancer Institute.

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