Reverse-phase chromatography, aqueous gel exclusion, and nonaqueous gel exclusion were assessed as procedures for preparative fractionation of the tumor-localizing product hematoporphyrin derivative. Porphyrin accumulation, fluorescence, and photodynamic cytotoxicity were monitored using the murine Sarcoma 180 tumor. Aqueous gel exclusion chromatography can provide a hematoporphyrin derivative fraction enriched in the tumor-localizing component. A further enrichment occurs when this procedure is carried out at 55°C, but nonlocalizing porphyrins could not be eliminated. While providing a better separation, reverse-phase chromatography cannot provide a tumor-localizing fraction free from contaminating protoporphyrin. However, this and other contaminants can be eliminated from the tumor-localizing fraction via nonaqueous gel exclusion chromatography. This latter separation provides two tumor-localizing products: (a) a fast-eluting fraction enriched in the major photosensitizing component(s); and (b) a more complex slowly eluting fraction enriched in fluorescence localizers.


Supported by Grant CA 23378 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services.

This content is only available via PDF.