An experiment was conducted to reexamine earlier observations that lymphomas could develop from lymphocytes present in nonirradiated thymuses grafted into thymectomized, fractionally (170 R, 4 doses) irradiated mice by using B10.Thy 1 congenic donor-host combinations. The results indicated that: (a) 37 of 91 thymectomized, fractionally irradiated B10.Thy 1.2 mice which were grafted s.c. with 7-day-old thymuses from B10.Thy 1.1 donor mice had developed frank lymphomas between 90 and 270 days after thymus grafting; (b) 28 of 37 lymphomas developed in this group were typed individually with respect to Thy 1 alloantigens by the cytotoxicity assay using monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 (T-11-D7) and anti-Thy 1.2 (F7D5) antibodies plus complement. It was shown that 21 thymic lymphomas (75%) had originated from lymphocytes of the nonirradiated thymus grafts and 5 tumors (17.9%) from cells of the irradiated hosts; 2 thymic lymphomas (7.1%) manifested no Thy 1 antigens; (c) lymphoma cells originated from both nonirradiated thymus grafts and irradiated hosts possessed chromosome abnormalities, which were mainly numerical changes of some chromosomes or polyploidizations.


Supported by Special Project Grant for Carcinogenesis Study from the Science and Technology Agency and Grant-in-Aid 56010053 from the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Japan.

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