Studies were designed to determine if treatment with indomethacin influenced the growth of a transplantable, metastatic, rat mammary tumor. Female, Wistar-Furth inbred rats were fed either a standard chow diet or a semipurified diet containing 2, 5, 10, or 20% stripped com oil. Indomethacin was given in drinking water, and rats consumed between 2.5 and 3.0 mg indomethacin/kg body weight/day. Feeding of diets and initiation of treatment with indomethacin were started when rats were weaned (21 days old) and continued until they were killed. Approximately 5 × 103 mammary tumor cells (DMBA-4) were injected into the fat pad of the sixth mammary gland which is adjacent to the right inguinal lymph node. Each dietary/treatment group consisted of at least 10 rats. Since indomethacin inhibits prostaglandin synthesis, two other groups of non-tumor-bearing rats were used to determine if dietary fat and treatment with indomethacin either influenced prostaglandin E2 production (in vitro) by mononuclear cells from the spleen or altered serum levels of fatty acids. Results indicated that: (a) the rate of tumor growth in untreated rats was significantly greater when the dietary fat content was either 10 or 20% compared to diets containing either 2 or 5% fat; (b) the tumor growth-promoting effects of 10 and 20% fat diets were completely abrograted in rats treated with indomethacin; (c) treatment with indomethacin also inhibited tumor growth in rats fed diets containing either 2 or 5% fat; (d) synthesis of prostaglandin E2 by mononuclear cells from the spleens of untreated rats increased as the dietary fat content increased; (e) in indomethacin-treated rats, prostaglandin E2 synthesis was inhibited in all dietary groups and was not dependent on dietary fat; and (f) in both untreated and indomethacin-treated rats, the serum concentrations of oleic and linoleic acids were influenced to the same extent by dietary fat.
This investigation was supported by PHS Grant No. CA 33705 awarded by the National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services, and by NIH Grant No. ES01789.