In cultures of basal epidermal cells obtained from ear skin of adult guinea pigs, the tumor-promoting phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate induces cellular proliferation which is prostaglandin dependent and inhibited by indomethacin. Inhibition by indomethacin can be overcome by prostaglandins E2 and F, with prostaglandin F being more effective. The concomitant induction of ornithine decarboxylase activity is insensitive to indomethacin inhibition. The nonpromoting derivative 4-O-methyl-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate evokes a prostaglandin-independent, i.e., indomethacin-insensitive, stimulation of cell proliferation without inducing ornithine decarboxylase activity.


This work was supported by INSERM Grant CRL 802024 and by grants from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

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