The nature of soluble factors from liver and hepatomas which inhibit [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA was studied in Novikoff hepatoma cells. The decreased activity in hepatoma preparations was due to loss of a high-molecular-weight heat-labile factor. Although this factor cochromatographed with arginase activity on Sephadex G-150, it does not appear to result from this activity as judged by the failure of arginine to prevent the inhibitory effect on [3H]thymidine incorporation. Both liver and hepatomas contained a heat-stable factor with inhibitory activity. Studies with ethanol-soluble material suggested that the action was not solely attributable to the presence of unlabeled thymidine, since the apparent molecular weight was too high and since the factor(s) inhibited [3H]leucine incorporation into protein in addition to inhibiting [3H]thymidine incorporation in DNA.

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Supported by Grants CA12933 and CA16274 from the National Cancer Institute, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, and American Cancer Society Institutional Grant IN-92.

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