Trout liver microsomes contained as much as 0.40 nmole of cytochrome P-450 per mg of protein and a NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity of 23 nmoles of cytochrome c reduced per mg of protein per min at 22°. Associated with these was a high benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase activity, which required NADPH and O2 and was inhibited by CO. With thin-layer chromatography, at least five metabolites could be identified (including dihydrodiols, phenols, and quinones of benzo(a)pyrene).

Inhibitors such as 2-diethylaminoethyl-2,2-diphenylvalerate, aminopyrine, metyrapone, pyridine, n-octylamine, and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane were relatively ineffective in inhibiting trout benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase. Typical inhibitors of 3-methylcholanthrene-induced cytochrome (P-448), such as α-naphthoflavone, zoxazolamine, and testosterone, were effective, however.

With benzo(a)pyrene it was possible to induce type I spectral change in trout cytochrome P-450. In spite of the many enzymatic characteristics of cytochrome P-448, trout cytochrome P-450 had maximum absorbance at 450.6 nm. when in reduced form and complexed with CO. the ethyl isocyanide gave an interaction spectrum with reduced trout liver cytochrome P-450 resembling that of control rat.

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