A human colon carcinoma cell line, Co-115, has been established in vitro from solid xenografts maintained in nude mice and subcultured for 95 passages. Co-115 cells grow in vitro as tightly packed, epithelial-like colonies, have a doubling time of about 36 hr, have a relatively low plating efficiency in agar, and release significant amounts of carcinoembryonic antigen to the culture medium. Their epithelial nature has been confirmed by ultrastructural examination. The injection of Co-115 cells into nude mice reinduced the formation of solid tumor masses that could be retransplanted and showed a morphology comparable to that of the original xenograft.
Supported in part by Grants 3.500.75 and 0841.4200 from the Swiss National Foundation for Scientific Research.