B16 melanoma cells were treated in culture with 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine. The cell-associated and released proteoglycans and sialoglycopeptides were compared to those of control cultures treated with thymidine. The 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine-treated cultures showed a marked reduction in the proportion of cell-associated proteoglycans and sialoglycopeptides, an increase in the synthesis of hyaluronic acid, the absence of high-molecular-weight chondroitin sulfate, and the presence of increased amounts of heparan sulfate in the media. In addition, the 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine-treated cells had a higher DNA content and were larger than controls.
This work was supported in part by USPHS Grants CA15483 and CA11097 and by USPHS Contract 70-2024.