ARV-471, an estrogen receptor (ER) alpha PROTAC, is a hetero-bifunctional molecule that facilitates the interactions between estrogen receptor alpha and an intracellular E3 ligase complex, leading to the ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation of estrogen receptors via the proteasome. ARV-471 robustly degrades ER in ER-positive breast cancer cell lines with a half-maximal degradation concentration (DC50) of ˜ 2 nM. PROTAC-mediated ER degradation decreases the expression of classically-regulated ER-target genes (PR, GREB1, TFF) and inhibits cell proliferation of ER-dependent cell lines (MCF7, T47D). Additionally, ARV-471 degrades clinically-relevant ESR1 variants (Y537S and D538G) and inhibits growth of cell lines expressing those variants. In an immature rat uterotrophic model, ARV-471 degrades rat uterine ER and demonstrates no agonist activity. Daily, oral-administration of single agent ARV-471 (3, 10, and 30 mpk) leads to significant tumor volume regressions of estradiol-dependent MCF7 xenografts and concomitant tumor ER protein reductions of >90% at study termination. Moreover, when a CDK4/6 inhibitor is combined with ARV-471 in the MCF7 model, even more pronounced tumor growth inhibition is observed (˜130% TGI), accompanied by significant reductions in ER protein levels. In an ESR1 Y537S, hormone-independent patient-derived xenograft model, ARV-471 at 10 mpk completely inhibited growth and also reduced mutant ER protein levels. Taken together, the preclinical data of ARV-471 supports its continued development as a best-in-class oral ER PROTAC-degrader.

Citation Format: Flanagan JJ, Qian Y, Gough SM, Andreoli M, Bookbinder M, Cadelina G, Bradley J, Rousseau E, Willard R, Pizzano J, Crews CM, Crew AP, Taylor I, Houston J. ARV-471, an oral estrogen receptor PROTAC degrader for breast cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2018 Dec 4-8; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P5-04-18.