Formal guidelines recommend routine cervical cancer screening using the Papanicolaou (Pap) test and / or screening for high risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV). This study aims to describe the factors associated with abnormal cervical cancer screening outcomes.


We analyzed data from 7,716 women, aged 30 to 65 years, who were respondents of the 2015 Cancer Control Supplement (CCS) of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Weighted multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the factors associated with i) abnormal Pap test, ii) positive high-risk HPV test, as well as iii) abnormal Pap and positive high-risk HPV tests.


Overall, 16.8% [95% CI, 15.6 to 18.0] of women who screened for cervical cancer in the last 3 years, had an abnormal result. Risk of abnormal cervical cancer screening results decreased as age increased. Compared to the younger age group (30-45 years), those aged 56-65 years had lower odds of an abnormal Pap test (aOR: 0.71, 95% CI: 0.55, 0.92), positive high-risk HPV test (aOR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.27, 0.97) or abnormal Pap and positive high-risk HPV tests (aOR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.35, 0.88). Similarly, women who were married or living with a partner were less likely to have an abnormal Pap test (aOR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.69, 1.00), than unmarried women. On the contrary, geographic region, race and cigarette smoking were found increase the odds of an abnormal cervical cancer screening result. Blacks were more likely to have abnormal screening results compared to Whites. Current smokers had increased odds of abnormal Pap test (aOR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.73) and positive high-risk HPV test (aOR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.13, 3.32), compared to never smokers.


Study findings call for continued surveillance of cancer screening outcomes. More so there is a need for further studies to examine factors promoting an increased likelihood of abnormal cervical cancer screening results in populations identified in this study.

Note: This abstract was not presented at the meeting.

Citation Format: Onyema Greg Chido-Amajuoyi, Sanjay Shete. Factors associated with abnormal cervical cancer screening results among screening compliant women in the United States [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 2421.