Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was the tenth leading cause of death in Taiwan. as the fifth stage of progressive CKD. Various therapeutic modalities including hemodialysis (HD),peritoneal dialysis (PD) and renal transplantation (RT) modify the risks of systemic chronic diseases in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients remains unclear.

A total of 18,081 newly diagnosed ESRD patients and 54,243 controls matched for age, gender and index date were recruited from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. The ESRD status was confirmed by the registry of catastrophic illness. The incidence of cancer was identified through cross-referencing with the National Cancer Registry Database. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by a Cox proportional hazards model. Kaplan-Meier method were used for all analyses. Significant higher incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of bladder cancer of 7.0, 9.5 and 14.4 were found for ESRD patients undergoing HD, PD and RT, respectively. The IRRs of kidney cancer also represent a similar risk pattern. We observed that significant bladder cancer risks were observed among ESRD patients undergoing HD (HR = 10.0), PD (HR = 12.8) and RT (17.7) after the adjustment for age, gender and co-morbidities. In addition, significant kidney cancer risks of 11.2, 17.1 and 33.7 were also found for ESRD patients undergoing HD, PD and RT, respectively. In conclusion, different therapeutic modalities could modify the risks of bladder and kidney cancers in ESRD patients in Taiwan.

Citation Format: Wei-Tang Kao, Cheng-Huang Shen, Kee-Thai Kiu, Hsin-An Chen, Chia-Chang Wu, Yuan-Hung Wang. Risk of bladder and kidney cancers in end-stage renal disease patients: a nationwide, population-based study in Taiwan. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2015 Apr 18-22; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2015;75(15 Suppl):Abstract nr 3706. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-3706