BACKGROUND: Cruciferous vegetables are a major source of glucosinolate-derived bioactive compounds, such as isothiocyanates and indoles, which have been shown in animal studies and in vitro to inhibit cancer growth and progression. However, little is known regarding the role of cruciferous vegetables in breast cancer prognosis. Using resources from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival, a large population-based prospective cohort study of Chinese breast cancer survivors, we evaluated the association of cruciferous vegetable consumption after cancer diagnosis and breast cancer outcomes with repeated dietary assessments after diagnosis. METHODS: Women with incident breast cancer aged 20-75 years were recruited within 6-months of diagnosis during 2002-2006. In-person baseline interviews collected detailed data on clinic characteristics, socio-demographics, and lifestyle factors. Medical records were used to verify clinical data. The cohort has been followed-up by a combination of in-person follow-up surveys and record linkage to the Shanghai Vital Statistics Registry. Cruciferous vegetable intake (g/day) was reassessed at 18- and 36-months. Cox regression models were used to derive hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations of cruciferous vegetables and breast cancer outcomes. Analyses include 4,886 women with stage I-IV breast cancer. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 587 deaths (496 breast cancer deaths) and 615 recurrences occurred. Cruciferous vegetable intake increased after diagnosis (mean (SD)=62.5 (44.5) at 6-months and 133.8 (93.3) at 36-months). After adjustment for socio-demographics, clinical characteristics including treatment and tumor characteristics, and lifestyle factors, cruciferous vegetable intake was associated with improved breast cancer survival in a dose-response pattern (P for trend < 0.01). The multivariable hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) across increasing quartiles (vs. Q1) were 0.73 (0.60-0.90), 0.51 (0.41-0.64), and 0.38 (0.29-0.49) for total mortality; 0.78 (0.62-0.97), 0.53 (0.41-0.68), and 0.38 (0.29-0.51) for breast cancer-specific mortality; 0.79 (0.63-0.98), 0.71 (0.57-0.88), and 0.65 (0.52-0.81) for recurrence. These associations persisted after excluding the first year of observation, although the association for recurrence was no longer statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Cruciferous vegetable intake after breast cancer diagnosis was associated with improved prognosis among Chinese women.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2012 Mar 31-Apr 4; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2012;72(8 Suppl):Abstract nr LB-322. doi:1538-7445.AM2012-LB-322