The KEAP1-NRF2 axis is the principal regulator of cellular responses to oxidative and electrophilic stressors. NRF2 hyperactivation is frequently observed in many types of cancer and promotes cancer initiation, progression, metastasis, and resistance to various therapies. Here, we determined that dipeptidyl peptidase 9 (DPP9) is a regulator of the KEAP1-NRF2 pathway in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). DPP9 was markedly overexpressed at the mRNA and protein levels in ccRCC, and high DPP9 expression levels correlated with advanced tumor stage and poor prognosis in ccRCC patients. Protein affinity purification to identify functional partners of DPP9 revealed that it bound to KEAP1 via a conserved ESGE motif. DPP9 disrupted KEAP1-NRF2 binding by competing with NRF2 for binding to KEAP1 in an enzyme-independent manner. Upregulation of DPP9 led to stabilization of NRF2, driving NRF2-dependent transcription and thereby decreasing cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Moreover, DPP9 overexpression suppressed ferroptosis and induced resistance to sorafenib in ccRCC cells, which was largely dependent on the NRF2 transcriptional target SLC7A11. Collectively, these findings indicate that the accumulation of DPP9 results in hyperactivation of the NRF2 pathway to promote tumorigenesis and intrinsic drug resistance in ccRCC.