BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers may be at increased risk for gastric cancer; however, the mechanisms of gastric carcinogenesis remain poorly understood. We sought to determine the prevalence of gastric cancer risk factors Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) among BRCA1/2 carriers to gain insight into the pathogenesis of gastric cancer in this population. A total of 100 unselected BRCA1/2 carriers who underwent endoscopic ultrasound from March 2022 to March 2023 underwent concomitant upper endoscopy with nontargeted gastric antrum and body biopsies. The study population (70% women; mean age 60.1 years) included 66% BRCA2 carriers. H. pylori was detected in one (1%) individual, 7 (7%) had GIM, 2 (2%) had autoimmune atrophic gastritis, and no gastric cancers were diagnosed. Among BRCA1/2 carriers, H. pylori prevalence was low and GIM prevalence was similar to that in the general population; however, identification of H. pylori or GIM may help inform future gastric cancer risk management strategies in BRCA1/2 carriers.

Prevention Relevance:

Evaluating the burden of H. pylori infection and GIM among BRCA1/2 carriers is warranted to better understand the mechanisms of gastric carcinogenesis and to help inform risk management strategies for gastric cancer among this at-risk population.

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