From risk association between acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and obese-overweight individuals, Mazzarella and colleagues hypothesized that a high-fat diet (HFD) promotes development of APL. Using mouse APL model (PML-RARα knock-in), the authors demonstrated that linoleic acid drives activation of PPARδ in hematopoietic progenitors, and that activation of PPARδ increases proliferation of progenitor cells with PML-RARA expression toward APL. Involvements of PPARδ on regulation of stem cell renewal and proliferation were shown in colorectal cancers earlier, but this study newly demonstrates in hematopoietic progenitors, while suggesting use of diet rich in linoleic acid with caution.

See related article by Mazzarella et al., p. 59

You do not currently have access to this content.