Health behavior theories have identified predictors of colorectal cancer screening. This study aimed to determine the psychosocial profiles of a predominantly Hispanic population of primarily Mexican origin receiving a colorectal cancer screening intervention and whether a specific combination of psychosocial profiles modified the effect of colorectal cancer screening intervention on colorectal cancer screening uptake.
A total of 467 participants aged 50 to 75 years due for colorectal cancer screening received an educational intervention. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed on baseline psychosocial constructs to identify the homogenous clustering of individuals with similar psychosocial constructs. In addition, colorectal cancer screening rates and changes in psychosocial scores between the latent groups were compared.
Three psychosocial profiles, including a low benefit and high susceptibility group (LBHS), a high benefit and low susceptibility group (HBLS), and a high barrier and high susceptibility group (HBHS), were identified in this study. The HBLS group had the lowest susceptibility, with no improvement in benefits and barriers. This group had the lowest screening rate (80.85%) compared with 88.8% in LBHS and 86.3% in HBHS following the intervention. Finally, the intervention effect size on psychosocial score changes was smaller in HBLS than in other groups.
This subgroup analysis suggests that colorectal cancer educational interventions should be tailored to improve the benefits and barriers among individuals with high susceptibility scores.
This LPA analysis provides some direction for tailoring colorectal cancer educational interventions to improve the benefits and barriers among individuals with high susceptibility scores in hard-to-screen populations such as our border population.