An unacceptable number of women continue to die from cervical cancer around the world each year. Despite established primary and secondary prevention measures, and a natural history of disease which provides a long latent phase in which to intervene, there are still more than 500,000 women diagnosed with cervical cancer globally each year, and 300,000 related deaths. Approximately 90% of these cervical cancer cases and deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The World Health Organization (WHO) recently launched a Global Strategy to Accelerate the Elimination of Cervical Cancer that outlines 3 key steps: (i) vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV); (ii) cervical screening; and (iii) treatment of precancerous lesions and management of invasive cancer. Successful implementation of all 3 steps could reduce more than 40% of new cervical cancer cases and 5 million related deaths by 2050. However, this initiative requires high level commitment to HPV immunization programs, innovative approaches to screening, and strengthening of health systems to provide treatment for both precancerous lesions as well as invasive cervical cancer.

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