PBRM1 is a subunit of a SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and more than 30% of clear cell RCCs show PBRM1 mutations. The function of PBRM1 in tumor immune microenvironment, tumor prognosis and response to immune checkpoint therapies still remain unclear. Here we found that Pbrm1 knockout in mouse Renca RCC cells decreased the activity of IFNγ-STAT1 signaling pathway and consequently the expression of chemokines that recruit effector CD8+ T cells. Pbrm1 deficient murine RCC tumors showed reduced infiltration of CD8+ T cells, which was associated with less PD-1 expression. Pbrm1 deficient tumors demonstrated longer latency but they were more resistant to anti-PD1 treatment. This study provided mechanistic insights and therapeutic guideline to manage ccRCC associated with PBRM1 inactivation.

Citation Format: Xian-De Liu, Wen Kong, Anh Hoang, Xuesong Zhang, Lijun Zhou, Patrick G. Pilie, Sevinj Isgandrova, Margie M. Moczygemba, Eric Jonasch. PBRM1 loss promotes resistance to immunotherapy in RCC [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference on Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy; 2018 Nov 27-30; Miami Beach, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2020;8(4 Suppl):Abstract nr B48.