The prolyl hydroxylase domain/hypoxia-inducible factor (PHD/HIF) pathway has been implicated in a wide range of immune and inflammatory processes, including in the oxygen-deprived tumor microenvironment. To examine the effect of HIF stabilization in antitumor immunity, we deleted Phd2 selectively in T lymphocytes using the cre/lox system. We show that the deletion of PHD2 in lymphocytes resulted in enhanced regression of EG7-OVA tumors, in a HIF-1α–dependent manner. The enhanced control of neoplastic growth correlated with increased polyfunctionality of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, as indicated by enhanced expression of IFNγ, TNFα, and granzyme B. Phenotypic and transcriptomic analyses pointed to a key role of glycolysis in sustaining CTL activity in the tumor bed and identified the PHD2/HIF-1 pathway as a potential target for cancer immunotherapy.

You do not currently have access to this content.