Introduction: Older adults with hematologic malignancies such as AML and MDS increasingly undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). The impact of the aging host environment, especially cellular senescence, remains unexplored, however.

Objectives: We hypothesize that pre-transplant senescence-associated secretary phenotype (SASP) is associated with alloHCT outcomes among older patients and tested it in this biomarker correlative study.

Methods: We measured ten SASP-related cytokines (IFNγ, IL1β, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL12, IL13, and TNFα, and C-reactive protein (CRP) from pre-transplant plasma samples of 155 patients (>50 years) who had undergone alloHCT at MSKCC from 2011 to 2019 for acute leukemias and other myeloid malignancies. Expression of aging biomarker p16 was measured on a subset of patients by immunohistochemistry.

Results and Discussion: The median age was 64.1 years (IQR 58.3 – 67.8). Diseases included 57% acute leukemias (AML and ALL) and 43% MDS/MPN. KPS was <90 in 43% and HCT-CI was >3 in 53% of patients. With median follow-up of 61 months for survivors, the 5-year OS and PFS is 50% and 46%, respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) and relapse is 18% and 31%, respectively. At the baseline, these SASP-related cytokines have variable degree of association with KPS, chronologic age, and disease risk. IL2 trended toward significant positive association with OS (HR 1.19, 95% CI 1-1.43, p=0.052) and was significantly associated with PFS (HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.02-1.44, p=0025) in univariate analysis, but not in multivariate analysis after adjusting for clinical characteristics. No cytokine was associated with NRM. IL2 and IL4 were associated with relapse in univariate but not multivariate analysis. Several cytokines including IL12 p70, IL13, IL4, and TNFα were associated with 100d grade II-IV acute GVHD in patients who received CNI-based GVHD prophylaxis. In summary, we found potential association of SASP-related cytokines with patient characteristics and transplant outcomes. We aim to validate these findings and examine their therapeutic potential to improve alloHCT outcomes.

Citation Format: Richard J Lin, Phillip Wong, Jessica R Flynn, Erika R Ritter, Caleb Ho, Josel D Ruiz, Ann A Jakubowski, Esperanza B Papadopoulos, Brian C Shaffer, Hugo R Castro-Malaspina, Christina J Cho, Doris R Ponce, Juliet N Barker, Roni Tamari, Craig S Sauter, Boglarka Gyurkocza, Marcel van den Brink, James W Young, Miguel-Angel Perales, Sean M Devlin, Sergio A Giralt. Aging-related, Senescence-associated Secretory Phenotype and Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Outcomes in Older Adults [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference: Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome; 2023 Jan 23-25; Austin, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Blood Cancer Discov 2023;4(3_Suppl):Abstract nr A48.