Myeloid malignancies are devastating hematologic cancers with limited therapeutic options. Inflammation is emerging as a novel driver of myeloid malignancy, with important implications for tumor composition, immune response, therapeutic options, and patient survival. Here, we discuss the role of inflammation in normal and malignant hematopoiesis, from clonal hematopoiesis to full-blown myeloid leukemia. We discuss how inflammation shapes clonal output from hematopoietic stem cells, how inflammation alters the immune microenvironment in the bone marrow, and novel therapies aimed at targeting inflammation in myeloid disease.


Inflammation is emerging as an important factor in myeloid malignancies. Understanding the role of inflammation in myeloid transformation, and the interplay between inflammation and other drivers of leukemogenesis, may yield novel avenues for therapy.

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